", "AF Identifies Boeing 747-8 platform for next Air Force One", "Still Climbing: 777 Soars Past 2,000 Orders", "Historic Cathay 777 heads for US museum", "Cathay Pacific, Boeing to donate world's 1st 777 to aviation museum", "Safety Recommendation: In reply refer to: A-09-17 (Urgent) and −18", "British Airways Flight 2019 ground fire", "Report on the accident to Boeing 777-236ER, G-YMMM, at London Heathrow Airport on 17 January 2008", "American investigates as 777 engine fails to respond to throttle", "NTSB Investigates B777 Uncommanded Engine Rollback", "Ice 'probable cause' of Heathrow crash-landing", "One Asiana victim killed by a vehicle, not plane crash - coroner", "Asiana 777-200ER crashes at San Francisco airport", "Pilot Error Eyed in San Francisco Plane Crash", "Asiana Airlines flight 214 crash caused by Boeing planes being 'overly complicated, "Night search for missing 777 to test Malaysia and Vietnam", "Friday, March 14, 12:00 AM MYT +0800 Malaysia Airlines MH370 Flight Incident - 18th Media Statement", "Flight MH370 'crashed in south Indian Ocean' - Malaysia PM", "Malaysia declares MH370's disappearance an accident", http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/16/world/asia/malaysia-airlines-plane/index.html, https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/missing-malaysia-airlines-flight-fbi-3276536, "MH370: What's next in the investigation? Its operating empty weight with Rolls-Royce engines in typical tri-class layout is 343,300 lb (155.72 t) compared to 307,300 lb (139.38 t) for a similarly configured -200. [173] Eight different customers have taken delivery of 60 aircraft of the variant, of which 18 were powered by the PW4000 and 42 by the RR Trent 800 (none were ordered with the GE90, which was never certificated on this variant[191]),[2] with 48 in airline service as of July 2018[update]. [21] Under ETOPS rules, airlines began operating the 767 on long-distance overseas routes that did not require the capacity of larger airliners. [22] Boeing was left with a size and range gap in its product line between the 767-300ER and the 747-400. [210] [124] The 777-9 was to be a further stretched variant with a capacity of over 400 passengers and a range of over 15,200 km (8,200 nmi), whereas the 777-8 was slated to seat approximately 350 passengers and have a range of over 17,200 km (9,300 nmi). The top engineers overseeing the design of Boeing Co.’s 737 Max told congressional investigators they weren’t aware of key design decisions later identified as flaws in two fatal crashes. [102] Lasting 22 hours and 42 minutes, the flight surpassed the -200LR's standard design range and was logged in the Guinness World Records. In 2011, Flight International reported that Boeing is considering replacing the Signature Interior on the 777 with a new interior similar to that on the 787, as part of a move towards a "common cabin experience" across all Boeing platforms. [28] The company opted for the twin-engine configuration given past design successes, projected engine developments, and reduced-cost benefits. The -200ER is the only Classic variant remaining available. As the undercarriage was in the process of being retracted, the aircraft landed on its rear underbody and engine nacelles, resulting in the separation of one engine, loss of control and subsequent crash. The prototype was rolled out on April 9, 1994, and first flew on June 12, 1994. The passengers and crew were deplaned, and the fire was extinguished, but not before causing substantial damage to the aircraft. The United States, usually the leader in aviation safety, had been a notable holdout. [108][109], Initially second to the 747 as Boeing's most profitable jetliner,[110] the 777 became the company's most lucrative model in the 2000s. [167] The A-market would be covered by a 4,200 nmi (7,800 km) range, 234 t (516,000 lb) MTOW aircraft for 353 to 374 passengers powered by 316 kN (71,000 lbf) engines, followed by a 6,600 nmi (12,200 km) B-market range for 286 passengers in three-class, with 365 kN (82,000 lbf) unit thrust and 263 t (580,000 lb) of MTOW, an A340 competitor, basis of an A-market 409 to 434 passengers stretch, and eventually a 7,600 nmi (14,000 km) C-market with 400 kN (90,000 lbf) engines. Norris, Guy. [142], In designing the 777 as its first fly-by-wire commercial aircraft, Boeing decided to retain conventional control yokes rather than change to sidestick controllers as used in many fly-by-wire fighter aircraft and in many Airbus airliners. [190] The 777 was designed to be stretched by 20%: 60 extra seats to almost 370 in tri-class, 75 more to 451 in two classes, or up to 550 in all-economy like the 747SR short-range variant. Haenggi, Michael. It is recognizable for its large-diameter turbofan engines, six wheels on each main landing gear, fully circular fuselage cross-section,[8] and a blade-shaped tail cone. Boeing Commercial Airplanes P.O. On October 16, 1997, the 777-300 made its first flight. Countries and airlines around the world have grounded Boeing 737 Max planes after two fatal crashes. It can accommodate up to ten abreast seating layout and has a typical 3-class capacity of 301 to 368 passengers, with a range of 5,240 to 8,555 nautical miles (9,700 to 15,840 km). Both crashed jets were Boeing 737 Max 8s, a variant of the best-selling aircraft in history. [248] The aircraft sustained structural-, heat- and smoke damage, and was written off. The loss of engine control was due to a fuel system blockage caused by ice that formed in the fuel system. [67] The first commercial flight took place on June 7, 1995, from London Heathrow Airport to Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C.[68] Longer ETOPS clearance of 207 minutes was approved in October 1996. [183] As with the -300ER and 777F, the -200LR is equipped with wingtip extensions of 12.8 ft (3.90 m). [178] Boeing proposes the 787-10 to replace it. [192] Its wings have an aspect ratio of 9.0. The 777 is a low-wing, 31,000 US gal / 117,340 L / 207,700 lb / 94,240 kg, 47,890 US gal / 181,283 L / 320,863 lb / 145,538 kg. [60] Nine aircraft fitted with General Electric, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce engines[58] were flight tested at locations ranging from the desert airfield at Edwards Air Force Base in California[61] to frigid conditions in Alaska, mainly Fairbanks International Airport. [12] [259][260] US officials believe the most likely explanation to be that someone in the cockpit of Flight 370 re-programmed the aircraft's autopilot to travel south across the Indian Ocean. [116] The smaller Boeing 787 Dreamliner, the first stage of a replacement aircraft initiative called the Boeing Yellowstone Project,[117] entered service in 2011. [99] The -300ER has an operating cost of US$44 per seat hour, compared to an Airbus A380's roughly US$50 per seat hour (hourly cost is about US$26,000), and US$90 per seat hour for a Boeing 747-400 as of 2015[update]. Its overwing fuselage section 44 was strengthened, with its skin thickness going from the -200's 6.3 to 11.4 mm (0.25 to 0.45 in), and received a new evacuation door pair. On March 11, the Civil Aviation Administration of China ordered the first nationwide grounding, followed by most other aviation authorities in quick succession. [124] The 777-8 provides seating for 384 passengers and has a range of 8,730 nmi (16,170 km) while the 777-9 has seating for 426 passengers and a range of over 7,285 nmi (13,500 km). Until the two crashes, the Max was Boeing’s most successful plane ever. The 777-300ER was to shed 1,800 lb (820 kg) by replacing the fuselage crown with tie rods and composite integration panels, similar to those used on the 787. Immediately after the accident, which happened in 2016, a landing gear failure was suspected to be at fault. [181][182], The 777-200LR ("LR" for Long Range), the C-market model, entered service in 2006 as one of the longest-range commercial airliners. Cashman. [163] With the launch of the 777X in 2013, Boeing confirmed that the aircraft would be receiving a new interior featuring 787 cabin elements and larger windows. The 777 has been ordered and delivered more than any other wide-body airliner; as of August 2019[update], more than 60 customers had placed orders for 2,049 aircraft of all variants, with 1,609 delivered. Other British Airways plane crashes [14][15] The first fatality involving the twinjet occurred in a fire while an aircraft was being refueled at Denver International Airport in the United States on September 5, 2001, during which a ground worker sustained fatal burns. By the mid-2010s, the 777 had become prevalent on the longest flights internationally and had become the most widely used airliner for transpacific routes, with variants of the type operating over half of all scheduled flights and with the majority of transpacific carriers. [156] Several aircraft have also been fitted with VIP interiors for non-airline use. The incident was linked to the ongoing Donbass insurgency in the region. [11] As of July 2018[update], Emirates was the largest operator with 163 aircraft. The aircraft skidded just over 1000 feet, tearing off its landing gear and coming to rest on the tarmac just to the right of the end of the runway. Some 40 minutes later, while reaching FL350 over the Gulf of Thailand, radar contact was lost. [90] Rolls-Royce was also studying a Trent 8102 over 445 kN (100,000 lbf). [82] The -200LR was certified by both the FAA and EASA on February 2, 2006,[100] and the first delivery to Pakistan International Airlines occurred on February 26, 2006. [201] The -300ER is the best-selling 777 variant, having surpassed the -200ER in orders in 2010 and deliveries in 2013. 717, 727, 737, 747, 757, [23], By the late 1980s, DC-10 and L-1011 models were approaching retirement age, prompting manufacturers to develop replacement designs. By January 1999, its MTOW grew to 340,500 kg (750,000 lb), and thrust requirements increased to 110,000–114,000 lbf (490–510 kN). [33] The eight airlines that contributed to the design process became known within Boeing as the "Working Together" group. [58] Operations performance data established the consistent capabilities of the twinjet over long-haul transoceanic routes, leading to additional sales. [84] The -300 was awarded type certification simultaneously from the FAA and JAA on May 4, 1998,[85] and entered service with launch customer Cathay Pacific on May 27, 1998. [87] Early plans centered on a 777-100X proposal,[88] a shortened variant of the -200 with reduced weight and increased range,[88] similar to the 747SP. [249] A third passenger died six days later as a result of injuries sustained during the crash. Boeing customers that have received the most 777s are Emirates, Singapore Airlines, United Airlines, ILFC, and American Airlines. [97] The first delivery to Air France took place on April 29, 2004. These long haul variants feature 110,000–115,300 lbf (489–513 kN) GE90 engines and extended raked wingtips. [2] The most common and successful variant is the 777-300ER with 844 aircraft ordered and 810 delivered. [238][246], The second hull loss occurred on July 29, 2011 when a 777-200ER scheduled to operate as EgyptAir Flight 667 suffered a cockpit fire while parked at the gate at Cairo International Airport before its departure. [20] The trijet 777 was later dropped, following marketing studies that favored the 757 and 767 variants. [44] Boeing developed its high-performance visualization system, FlyThru, later called IVT (Integrated Visualization Tool) to support large-scale collaborative engineering design reviews, production illustrations, and other uses of the CAD data outside of engineering. [207], In July 2018, Boeing was studying a 777-300ER freighter conversion, targeted for the volumetric market instead of the density market served by the 777F. [270] There were no passenger casualties of the 300 people on board, however, one airport fireman was killed fighting the fire. In November 2013, Boeing announced the 777X development with the -8 and -9 variants, scheduled to enter service by 2020. [142], The airframe incorporates the use of composite materials, which comprise nine percent of its original structural weight (all models outside the 777-8 and 777-9). Other Boeing Models: 717, 727, 737 [183] Other new features include extended raked wingtips, redesigned main landing gear, and additional structural strengthening. [10] To keep them cost efficient, operators densify their 777s for about US$10 million each, like Scoot with 402 seats in its dual-class -200s, or Cathay Pacific which switched the 3–3–3 economy layout of 777-300s to 3–4–3 to seat 396 on regional services. Boeing was also redesigning the inboard flap fairings to reduce drag by reducing pressure on the underside of the wing. [71] Initial service was affected by gearbox bearing wear issues, which caused British Airways to temporarily withdraw its 777 fleet from transatlantic service in 1997,[71] returning to full service later that year. [54] By the start of production, the program had amassed 118 firm orders, with options for 95 more from 10 airlines. In June 2020, IAI received the first 777-300ER to be converted, from GECAS. List of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing 777, impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on aviation, International Civil Aviation Organization, Presidential Flight of United Arab Emirates, "Boeing: Orders and Deliveries (updated monthly)", "Boeing 777: Orders and Deliveries (updated monthly)", "About Boeing Commercial Airplanes: Prices", "Workhorse Jet Has Been Huge Success with Airlines that Want to Cut Costs", "777 Classics entering their twilight years", "Boeing's 747 aircraft fleet: the original jumbo, overtaken by the 777", "The glorious history of the best plane Boeing has ever built", "New Boeing Airliner Shaped by the Airlines", "Aerospace Company May Be Rethinking Commitment To The Puget Sound Area", "The power behind Boeing's 787 Dreamliner", "Demand for Airliners Is Expected to Soar: Asia's High-Flying Market", "Boeing prepares for stretched 777 launch", "Boeing's 777 Will Be Tops When It Comes To ETOPS", "First Boeing 777 delivery goes to United Airlines", "Trouble-plagued Dreamliner only 98% reliable, Boeing admits", "Boeing sets decision date for new versions of 777", "...as board approves 777-200X/300X specifications", "GE is first to agree MoU for 777-200X/300X powerplant", "Initial Trent 8104 tests reveal new growth potential", "Boeing's 777-300ER receives certification", "Boeing under pressure as demand rises for fuel-saver 777", "777 distance champ is certified for service", "Flight of Boeing's 777 Breaks Distance Record", "Boeing 777F makes its debut ahead of flight test phase", "European Aviation Safety Agency Validates FAA Certification of Boeing 777 Freighter", "First 777 freighter delivered to Air France", "Boeing Earnings Buffeted by 777 Production Slump", "Freighter version of 777 jetliner in works", "Airbus A350 XWB puts pressure on Boeing 777", "Boeing unveils another increase in Boeing 777 production", "Emirates airline receives 1,000th Boeing 777", "Order trickle continues for in-production widebodies", "Boeing looks to extend 777 wingspan for incremental improvement package", "Emirates may be launch customer for new Boeing 777", "Boeing Launches 777X with Record-Breaking Orders and Commitments", "Boeing 777 Flies Seven Of The World's Ten Longest Routes", "Transpacific Airline Fuel Efficiency Ranking, 2016", "Boeing thinks smarter to boost 777, 737 appeal", "Boeing to Trim 777 Production, to Boost 737 Build Rate", "Boeing warns 777 rate could drop to 3.5 per month", "Boeing to lower 777 rate to five monthly in August 2017", "More aircraft production rate cuts coming? 767, 777, 787, Related information This helps reduce weight and simplifies the aircraft's braking and hydraulic systems. This was a scheduled international flight that was arriving from Beijing, China. [139] Boeing made use of work done on the cancelled Boeing 7J7 regional jet,[140] which utilized similar versions of the chosen technologies. While the 300 people onboard the wide-body evacuated alive, a firefighter was killed when tackling the fire. 747, 757, 767, 777, 787. [210] [51] An agreement between Boeing and the Japan Aircraft Development Corporation, representing Japanese aerospace contractors, made the latter risk-sharing partners for 20 percent of the entire development program. The outboard raked wingtip was to have a divergent trailing edge, described as a "poor man's airfoil" by Boeing; this was originally developed for the McDonnell Douglas MD-12 project. [61], The first Rolls-Royce Trent 877-powered aircraft was delivered to Thai Airways International on March 31, 1996,[70] completing the introduction of the three powerplants initially developed for the airliner. [43] This lets engineers assemble a virtual aircraft, in simulation, to check for interference and verify that the thousands of parts fit properly—thus reducing costly rework. T00001SE", "Updating the A380: the prospect of a neo version and what's involved", "Flight Test: Boeing 777-300ER - Fast and heavy", "777-300ER fleet report: orders have peaked but Swiss, United and Kuwait new operators in 2016", "New Boeing 777-300ER Joins Air France Fleet", "B777-300ER Residuals Come Under Spotlight", "Cargo Kings: new Boeing 777F and 747-8F programmes", "Air France to buy Boeing 777 freighters", "Boeing reveals cargo conversion development studies for 777", "Boeing expects to secure 777BCF launch customer in early 2011", "Farnborough: Boeing Global Services ponders 777-300ER P2F program", "GECAS and IAI launch 777-300ER cargo conversion", "Kalitta to be launch operator of 777-300ERSF converted freighter", "New Boeing 777X Completes Successful First Flight", "Boeing's First 777X Delivery Has Been Delayed To 2022", "Boeing Business Jets Delivers 777-200LR to Aviation Link Company", "Boeing receives order for 777-300ER BBJ", "Jet Aviation secures completion contract for two BBJ 777-300ERs", "US Air Force tanker RFP reveals KC-777 offer", "USAF lays out X, Y and Z of tanker replacement strategy in three-tranche process to replace ageing KC-135s", "Japan chooses Boeing 777-300ER as government's official jet", "Narendra Modi's Air India One Gets Rs 1300 Cr Defence Upgrade Like The American Air Force One", "News Headlines, Breaking News, Election 2019 News, Today News, English News - Hindustan Times", "Will U.S. copy Japan and switch to 777 for Air Force One? [137] The fly-by-wire system is supplemented by mechanical backup. [239] The aircraft, operated by British Airways, suffered fire damage to the lower wing panels and engine housing; it was later repaired and returned to service. [118], A total of 1,416 aircraft (all variants) were in airline service as of July 2018[update], with Emirates (163), United Airlines (91), Air France (70), Cathay Pacific (69), American Airlines (67), Qatar Airways (67), British Airways (58), Korean Air (53), All Nippon Airways (50), Singapore Airlines (46), and other operators with fewer aircraft of the type. [177] The 777-300ER features raked and extended wingtips, a strengthened fuselage and wings and a modified main landing gear. [197], Since its launch, the -300ER has been a primary driver of the twinjet's sales past the rival A330/340 series. At Mach 0.839 (495 kn; 916 km/h), FL300, -59 °C and at a 513,400 lb (232.9 t) weight, it burns 17,300 lb (7.8 t) of fuel per hour. [173] The -200 was primarily aimed at U.S. domestic airlines,[23] although several Asian carriers and British Airways have also operated the type. [136], As of 2019[update], Boeing lists prices for the 777-200ER, -200LR, 777F, -300ER, 777-8, and 777-9 variants. [25], Alan Mulally served as the Boeing 777 program's director of engineering, and then was promoted in September 1992 to lead it as vice-president and general manager. [69], On November 12, 1995, Boeing delivered the first model with General Electric GE90-77B engines to British Airways,[70] which entered service five days later. Aviation Week & Space Technology, February 16 – March 1, 2015, pp. [282][283], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Wide-body long-range twin-engine jet airliner family, "B777" redirects here. The 777 entered service with the launch customer, United Airlines, on June 7, 1995. [61] General Electric subsequently announced engine upgrades. [99], The second long-range model, the 777-200LR, rolled out on February 15, 2005, and completed its first flight on March 8, 2005. [5], The B-market 777-200ER ("ER" for Extended Range), originally known as the 777-200IGW (increased gross weight), has additional fuel capacity and an increased MTOW enabling transoceanic routes. [211] [5], Boeing introduced a number of advanced technologies with the 777 design, including fully digital fly-by-wire controls,[137] fully software-configurable avionics, Honeywell LCD glass cockpit flight displays,[138] and the first use of a fiber optic avionics network on a commercial airliner. Longer range variants were launched on February 29, 2000 and were first delivered on April 29, 2004. ", "Jet Wreckage Bears Signs of Impact by Supersonic Missile, Analysis Shows", "With Jet Strike, War in Ukraine Is Felt Globally", "Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shot down by surface-to-air missile in what Ukrainian president calls 'act of terrorism, "U.S. official: Missile hit Malaysia Airlines plane", "Flight MH17 downed by Russian-built missile, Dutch investigators say", "Emirates flight from Trivandrum crash-lands in Dubai, passengers safe", "Images Of The Emirates Plane That Burst Into Flames In Dubai", "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 777-212ER 9V-SQK Singapore-Changi International Airport (SIN)", "Ethiopian 777F suffers major fire in Shanghai", "Breaking: Ethiopian Boeing 777 Freighter Caught Fire in Shanghai", "BA Jet Fire: Multiple Breaches Of Engine Case", "British Airways Boeing 777 catches fire at Las Vegas airport and forces evacuation", "British Airways plane catches fire in Las Vegas", "Fire erupts after BA 777 aborts takeoff", 19 injured as Boeing 777 engine catches fire in Tokyo, plane evacuated, Hundreds Evacuate Korean Air Jet After Engine Catches Fire, Korean Air evacuates plane at Japan's Haneda Airport after engine fire, "Engine catches fire on Singapore Air flight to Milan", "Boeing chooses largest wingspan for 777X", "Type certificate data sheet No. While at the departure gate and during passenger boarding, an electrical fire broke out in an area beneath the cockpit. [265] All 298 people (283 passengers and 15 crew) on board were killed, making this the deadliest crash involving the Boeing 777. [9] It has fly-by-wire controls, a first for Boeing. [239][240], The first hull loss occurred on January 17, 2008, when a 777-200ER with Rolls-Royce Trent 895 engines, flying from Beijing to London as British Airways Flight 38, crash-landed approximately 1,000 feet (300 m) short of Heathrow Airport's runway 27L and slid onto the runway's threshold. [101] On November 10, 2005, the first -200LR set a record for the longest non-stop flight of a passenger airliner by flying 11,664 nautical miles (21,602 km) eastward from Hong Kong to London. [183] The -200LR is powered by GE90-110B1 or GE90-115B turbofans. [14][15], In the early 1970s, the Boeing 747, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, and the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar became the first generation of wide-body passenger airliners to enter service.
2020 crash boeing 777